The following videos were shown at the 6th RWSN Forum if you missed them or want to watch them again:
Session 5: Sustainable Groundwater Development 1
“Manual Well Drilling, Senegal”  Naugle-Boubacar – Senegal
The video presents a manual drilling technique that has been introduced in the Casamance region of Senegal with funding from USAID. It was developed by EnterpriseWorks/VITA staff based on experiences in Niger, Nigeria and Senegal. The film shows the tooling and all of the steps required to install a 25-30 meter deep well in one to two days using a rotary jetting method.
There are 11 private drilling companies that have purchased the tools and are using the technique to drill wells for the USAID/PEPAM Project, UNICEF and private individuals. Since the training in 2010 these enterprises have installed 140 wells.
Session 7: Private Sector Participation
“Keep the Water Flowing”  KASHILIAH – Tanzania
The film narrates practical challenges in sustaining community owned water supply schemes in rural Tanzania. A survey has shown that only 54% of existing rural water points in Tanzania are functional and that only two years after installation a quarter of water points are no longer functional. The film narrates the challenges faced by Community owned water supply organisations in managing day to day operations, highlights financial, technical and institutional challenges. It analyses the role of key stakeholders from district level, the management body and users. The film concludes by characters in the film analysing advantages and disadvantages of different management model whether autonomous, village based committee or private operators in order to ensure sustained functionality and a permanent service.
Session 8: RWSN Cinema
“Carbon for Water”  – ABRAMSON – Kenya
The film brings to life the daily struggles and debilitating health impacts experienced by the popula-tion of Kenya’s Western Province – home to some 4 million residents who lack easy access to safe drinking water. But the film is also about hope. It showcases a highly unusual public health program launched in April 2011 that is providing communities with sustainable access to clean drinking water. The film chronicles the launch of the program, called LifeStraw® Carbon for Water, through which 900,000 water filters were distributed, for free, to more than 90 percent of the homes in the province. The film demonstrates how this program works and how it uses a unique financing model (carbon credits) to to achieve self-sustainability for at least 10 years. This means that these Kenyans will have access to clean, safe drinking water for at least a decade at no cost to themselves, governmen-tal agencies or donor groups. People whose lives are being transformed through the donation of the water filters talk about how this program is improving their lives.
“SODIS/WATSAN program in Vietnam”  – DO Quyn Anh – Vietnam
An Giang is a province in the Mekong Delta in the South of Vietnam. A province with more than 2 million inhabitants of which only 45% have access to pipe water. The rest use water from river or drilled. The second group carries out most of the daily activities on the river such as washing clothes, washing dishes, preparing food and also having mobile toilet on the river. They earn their living through farming, fishing and trading along the river. Very often, this group lives in more remote areas and belongs to the very poor segment or close to poor. As a result, they do not have access to clean water, cannot afford clean water before using or even to boil water before drinking, do not have latrine and have very poor knowledge on water sand sanitation.
After a very careful survey about health and hygiene problem of the two provinces in Long An and An Giang, Helvetas Vietnam implements the project Clean water with Solar energy and awareness raising for hygiene sanitation in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam (SODIS/WATSAN).
With the amount of 300,000 USD, Helvetas Vietnam has worked alongside with Provincial Women’s Union of Long An and An Giang and Department of Preventive Medicine and Environment- Ministry of Health to implement activities in some selected communes of the provinces. This short film is to show case the good practices of the program in Vietnam.
“Back to the River”
Session 12: Opening Plenary (Wednesday)
“The Community Managed Project (CMP) approach to rural WaSH in Ethiopia”  Suominen – Ethiopia
A Finnish supported programme has trialled a Community Development Fund in 2 regions over 10+ years. Its based on using microfinance banks to route money to lower levels, and communities do their own contracting for water points. Local government handles less money and takes on a facilitating/ supporting role. Higher sustainability is reported, and better levels of utilization of funds. Last year (2010) the decision was taken and its now national policy to scale this up as something called ‘community managed projects’.
Session 13 Innovative Technologies
“Low cost drilling with Baptist method”  Haanen – Tanzania
The film shows the manual drilling of a borehole of 40 meters deep in Njombe using the Bapthist method. Low cost Local entrepreneurs trained by SHIPO have drilled 316 (Jun 2011) boreholes manually in Njombe region. Most of them using the rota sludge technology with heavy steel 3” pipes. Transportation of this drilling set is increasing the costs of boreholes in rural areas. The Baptist technologies shown in this movie uses light pvc pipes which are easier to transport. SHIPO is using the Baptist drilling method since 2009 and can train teams using the system.
Session 15 Equity and Inclusion
“Diagnostic de l’accessibilité”  Rabarivelo – Madagascar
WaterAid vise d’ici 2015 à continuer à fournir des services d’eau, d’assainissement et d’hygiène répondant aux normes aux personnes vulnérables. Il ne s’agit pas seulement d’installer des infrastructures. Il faut assurer que tout le monde puisse les utiliser. D’où l’importance de l’accessibilité qui s’inscrit dans cette optique et WaterAid est convaincue que la mise en accessibilité des infrastructures contribue à la durabilité de l’accès à l’eau potable, l’assainissement et l’hygiène. Ce concept accessibilité vise les personnes en situation de handicap, les femmes enceintes, les personnes vulnérables telles les personnes âgées et même les personnes en surcharge pondéral. Ce film capitalise les évidences issues des efforts octroyés pour garantir le respect des Droits à l’accès et à l’utilisation des infrastructures aux populations les plus vulnérables. Ainsi, ce film a été produit pour devenir un outil d’influence envers les décideurs à tous les niveaux pour le changement des politiques du secteur eau potable, assainissement et hygiène.
“Developing User Friendly Facilitative WASH Solutions for Rural People with Disabilities – WV WAWI Mali Study”  Chikusa – Mali
This 10 minutes film highlights the key findings of a research conducted by World Vision, Messiah College and other partners in Mali, under the West Africa Water Initiative between 2007 and 2009. With funding from the CN Hilton Foundation dedicated to this research into the development of innovative facilitative tools for rural people with physical disabilities to enable them access water and sanitation facilities with ease, as well as practice good hygiene.
Session 16: Finance
‘Maji Ni Maisha’  WSP – Kenya
‘Maji Ni Maisha’ which means ‘Water is Life’ in the Swahili language of eastern Africa. This video tells the story of an innovative project that is increasing access to clean and reliable water supply for rural communities in Kenya, using a blend of commercial finance and an output-based subsidy. The project is helping small community-based water providers access the finance they need to improve existing water systems and connect poor households to piped water supply. It is showing that investing in community water projects can be viable for commercial banks. Following a successful initial pilot, the scheme is being expanded nationally and will target over 165,000 beneficiaries in 55 communities. The Kenyan microfinance institution has since lent out US$1 million to 10 community water projects, which have completed implementing their projects and have received subsidies. These investments have increased the number of water connections from 2,900 to 5,300.
Session 17 Innovative Implementation and Management of Rural Water Supplies”
“Quissanga – Water for 5000 People in 8 Days”  – Koestler – Mozambique
This 5 minute film shows the implementation of a small piped water system in Quissanga, Cabo Delgado Province, Mozambique carried out in January 2009 by Fontes Foundation. It shows how the community was actively involved in laying more than 4kms of pipes providing water to more than 5000 people in 8 days.
Session 18 Innovative Technologies
“The Canzee Pump”  – Ranaivokaona – Madagascar
The Canzee* hand pump is fabricated by BushProof in Antananarivo and has been approved / recommended by the government of Madagascar for rural water supply projects. They are ideal for remote areas because there are no pistons or seals that are difficult to replace. Valves, the only parts that wear out, are easily replaced with rubber cut from an inner tube.
As the pump is locally manufactured, spare parts are available when needed. A technical training on usage, basic maintenance and spare parts is offered after installation. Over a thousand Canzee pumps have been manufactured and installed in Madagascar since the founding of the workshop in 2005. Results in the field indicate that while the pump is very durable and appropriate for rural use, like other pumps, it is susceptible to failure without a proper management structure in place.
*named after inventor Richard Cansdale
Session 19 – Decentralised Service Provision 2
Our Water, Our Responsibility – Examining and strengthening the involvement of local governments and district-level non-government WASH actors in the provision of rural water services in Uganda  – Mirembe – Uganda
This 15 minute short film by the Sustainable Services as Scale (Triple-S) Project Uganda explores the issues underlying the provision of sustainable rural water services within the decentralised framework in Uganda. These issues are highlighted through the perceptions, experiences, lessons learnt and challenges shared by local government officials and district-level non-government WASH actors. The film examines their involvement, opportunities provided by the decentralised framework, challenges, and prospects surrounding the provision of rural water services that last. The purpose of the film is to provide WASH actors at district level with the opportunity to share their experiences and proposals on how to ensure that rural water services last. The film will also generate debate and ultimately create better understanding of the realities surrounding operating in a decentralised framework.
Session 20 – Sector Performance Measurement Mapping and Data
“Waterpoint Mapping in Liberia: Piloting a new mobile technology in a fragile state”  Hirn – Liberia
This short film documents how an innovative new mobile technology was used to map all rural waterpoints of Liberia in a timely and cost-efficient manner.
Still suffering from the after-effects of a destructive civil-war that ended in 2003, the Government of Liberia urgently required a baseline atlas of rural water points to identify needs and thus be able to systematically invest in the water sector. To meet this need, the project shown in this film used the new mobile-phone based FLOW application, which integrates all steps required to carry out a survey and create a map. Within just one month, all water points across remote rural Liberia were surveyed and mapped.
The resulting digital atlas is now a crucial input to the national planning process in Liberia. Moreover, the project also demonstrated the value of the new FLOW tool, which could be used for efficient mapping and surveying in many other contexts.
Session 28 – Groundwater resources and catchment management
“Walking on Water”  – Madrell – Kenya
This 6 minute film introduces how Excellent supports farming communities in dryland areas of Kenya. It explains what sand dams are, how they work and the benefits that they bring to dryland farmers and their families. Sand dams are combined with land terracing and tree planting to improve the con-servation of both soil and water, enabling farmers to grow more food on their land, building their resil-ience to climate change in the long-term.
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